How to Solve Saddle Sores
By Fred Matheny for www.RoadBikeRider.com
A saddle sore can ruin a ride. Even a tiny zit can begin to feel like you're perched on a golf ball. Nearly as painful are crotch abrasions caused by shorts that bunch or have an irritating seam.
Even the pros, hardened by thousands of miles in the saddle, fall victim to what cycling author Arnie Baker, M.D., calls "crotchitis. "Fabled tough guys like Eddy Merckx and Sean Kelly had to abandon races when the pain became too great.
Most medical experts say that saddle sores are actually boils caused by skin bacteria that invade surface abrasions. Remedies have come a long way from the era when riders would put slabs of raw steak in their shorts to cushion the abraded area.
Of course, avoiding saddle sores is better than curing them (or ruining a good sirloin). Here's how:
Improve your bike
fit. If your seat is too high, your hips rock on each pedal stroke
and strum your soft tissue across the nose of the saddle. The result is
irritated skin and a greater chance of infection. Especially if you suffer
from chronic saddle sores, have your position checked by an experienced
coach or knowledgeable bike shop person.
Doing so takes pressure off your crotch and restores circulation. Get in
the habit of standing for 15-20 seconds every few minutes. Use natural
opportunities such as short hills, rough pavement or accelerating from
stop signs. Stand and stretch when you're at the back of a paceline or
Move on the saddle.
Sit mostly toward the rear where your sit bones get maximum support and
take pressure off your crotch. But also move farther back on seated
climbs, and more to the middle when bending low to make good time. Each
shift relieves pressure points.
Choose a smooth
chamois. Look for shorts with a one-piece liner or one that's sewn
with flat seams. It may take experimenting with shorts brands or chamois
types to find the model that works best. Women often do better with shorts
designed specifically for their anatomy and that have a liner with no
center seam. See the RoadBikeRider.com article, "How to Choose Cycling Shorts".
Select a supportive
seat. Saddle choice is crucial. Excessively wide saddles rub your
inner thighs. Narrow saddles don't provide enough support for your sit
bones -- your weight is borne by soft tissue that can quickly become
bruised and irritated. Thickly padded saddles can press upward between
your sit bones, causing uncomfortable numbing pressure. The best choice
for any individual rider can only be found through trial and error.
Hopefully, your bike shop will have a saddle test-ride program or liberal
trade-in policy. See the RoadBikeRider.com article, "How to Find a Safe Saddle"
Lube to reduce
friction. To prevent the chamois from abrading skin, apply
lubrication before each ride. Try a commercial product such as Chamois
BUTT'r or Bag Balm, or simply a light coating of petroleum jelly. Apply a
dab the size of a nickel to your crotch before putting on your shorts.
Always wear clean shorts for each ride. If you seem susceptible to
saddle sores, you may find it helpful to wash your crotch with
antibacterial soap and warm water before lubing up. Dry your skin well
After a ride, get out of your sweaty, germy shorts as soon as possible.
The environment down there breeds bacteria and encourages them to enter
abraded skin. Then shower or clean up with soap and water. Dry well and
put on loose-fitting clothing that allows your skin to breathe. For
underwear, try boxer shorts. The tight leg bands of briefs cut across the
junction of your glutes and hamstrings, right where many saddle sores
Sleep in the buff. It keeps your crotch dry and free of clothing contact for as long as you're in bed.
If You Get a Saddle Sore
Besides keeping it clean, treat it with an over-the-counter acne gel
containing 10% benzoyl peroxide. Perhaps even more effective is the
topical prescription product called Emgel (erythromycin). If a sore is
getting out of control, ask your doctor about a course of oral
Rest it. As you medicate a troublesome sore, take some time off the bike to help it heal. It's far better to lose three days now than a week or more after infection sets in. If you continue to ride on an open sore it may eventually form a cyst that requires surgery.
If You Must Continue Riding
Sometimes you can't take time off. For instance, you may be on a tour or at a cycling camp.
Change your shorts
or saddle. Your problems are probably isolated in one small area
-- a boil or abrasion. Changing your saddle and/or shorts can reduce
pressure on the sore and lessen pain.
Use a heavier lube.
If you're getting irritated, apply extra lube or switch to a more viscous
one. Many long-distance riders swear by Bag Balm, which was originally
made for sore cow udders but is now available in most pharmacies.
OTC pain reducers and anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen, can help. In
extreme cases, pro team physicians will use a topical anesthetic on riders
so they can finish a stage race. It's not recommended for recreational
riders because when you're numb, you can ride yourself into greater
Try Preparation H
ointment. No, not for that reason. Prep H works on saddle
sores because it shrinks swollen tissue
and soothes pain. Apply it five minutes before slathering on your
chamois cream and putting on your shorts. Also try a dab on sores after rides
to dull discomfort.
Have a donut. In the foot-care section of drug stores, you'll find donut-shaped foam pads in several diameters. They're made for corns but can help you ride more comfortably with a saddle sore, too. Simply place it with the sore in the center of the cutout to relieve direct pressure. The adhesive backing will keep it in place.
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